The Prevention of Money-Laundering Act, 2002

Prevention of Money-laundering Act 2002

PMLA (Prevention of Money-laundering Act), 2002 is an Act instituted by the NDA government to forestall tax evasion and to accommodate seizure of property got from illegal tax avoidance. PMLA and the Rules advised there under came into power with impact from July 1, 2005. The Act and Rules advised there under force commitment on banking organizations, money related foundations, and go-betweens to confirm the personality of customers, keep up records and outfit data in endorsed structure to Financial Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND).

The demonstration was corrected in the year 2005, 2009 and 2012.

On 24 Nov 2017, In a decision for residents’ freedom, the Supreme Court has put aside a proviso in the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, which made it for all intents and purposes unimaginable for an individual sentenced to over three years in prison to get bail if the open investigator contradicted it. (Area 45 of the PMLA Act, 2002, gives that no individual can be conceded bail for any offense under the Act except if the open investigator, selected by the administration, gets an opportunity to contradict his bail. What’s more, should the open examiner decide to restrict bail, the court must be persuaded that the blamed was not blameworthy for the wrongdoing and moreover that he/she was not prone to submit any offense while temporarily free from jail a difficult task by any check.) (It saw that the arrangement disregards Articles 14 and 21 of the Indian Constitution)


The PMLA tries to battle illegal tax avoidance in India and has three fundamental goals:

To forestall and control illegal tax avoidance

To appropriate and hold onto the property got from the laundered cash; and

To manage some other issues associated with tax evasion in India.

Key definitions

Connection: Prohibition of the move, change, aura or development of property by a fitting lawful request.

Continues of wrongdoing: Any property inferred or acquired, straightforwardly or by implication, by any individual because of crime identifying with a planned offense.

Illegal tax avoidance: Whosoever legitimately or in a roundabout way endeavors to enjoy or help other individuals or really associated with any activity associated with the returns of wrongdoing and anticipating it as untainted property.

Installment System: A framework that empowers installment to be effected between a payer and a recipient, including clearing, installment or settlement administration or every one of them. It incorporates the frameworks empowering Mastercard, platinum card, keen card, cash move or comparable activities.

Striking highlights

Discipline for illegal tax avoidance

The Act endorses that any individual saw as liable of illegal tax avoidance will be culpable with thorough detainment from three years to seven years and where the returns of wrongdoing included identifying with any offense under section 2 of Part An of the Schedule (Offenses under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substance Act, 1985), the greatest discipline may stretch out to 10 years rather than 7 years.

Forces of connection of spoiled property

Fitting specialists, selected by the Govt of India, can temporarily append property accepted to be “continues of wrongdoing” for 180 days. Such a request is required to be affirmed by a free Adjudicating Authority.

Arbitrating Authority

The Adjudicating Authority is the position named by the focal government through a warning to practice ward, forces, and authority presented under PMLA. It chooses whether any of the property appended or seized is associated with tax evasion.

The Adjudicating Authority will not be limited by the strategy set somewhere around the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, however, it will be guided by the standards of regular equity and subject to different arrangements of PMLA. The Adjudicating Authority will have forces to control its own strategy.

The assumption in between associated exchanges

Where illegal tax avoidance includes at least two between associated exchanges and at least one such exchanges is or are end up being engaged with tax evasion, at that point for the motivations behind arbitration or seizure, it will be assumed that the rest of the exchanges structure some portion of such between associated exchanges.

Weight of verification

An individual, who is blamed for having carried out the offense of tax evasion, needs to demonstrate that supposed continues of wrongdoing are in actuality legal property.

Redrafting Tribunal

An Appellate Tribunal is the body selected by Govt of India. It is enabled to hear bids against the sets of the Adjudicating Authority and some other authority under the Act. Requests of the council can be bid in fitting High Court (for that locale) lastly to the Supreme Court


Budgetary Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND) was set by the Government of India on 18 November 2004 as the focal national office liable for accepting, preparing, examining and dispersing data identifying with suspect monetary exchanges. FIU-IND is additionally liable for planning and reinforcing endeavors of national and universal insight, examination and authorization organizations in seeking after the worldwide endeavors against tax evasion and related violations. FIU-IND is a free body detailing legitimately to the Economic Intelligence Council (EIC) headed by the Finance.

“The views of the authors are personal

Frequently Asked Questions

When did the Prevention of Money Laundering Act come into force?

The Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 has come into force with effect from 1 July 2005. The Act was amended by the Prevention of Money Laundering (Amendment) Act 2009 w.e.f 01.06.2009.

Does the Act extend to the whole of India?

Yes, it extends to the whole of India including the state of Jammu & Kashmir.

What is the object of the enactment of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002?

As stated in the Preamble to the Act, it is an Act to prevent money-laundering and to provide for confiscation of property derived from, or involved in, money-laundering.

Which agency administers the Prevention of Money Laundering Act?

The Directorate of Enforcement of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance is responsible for administering the Prevention of Money Laundering Act.

Ameyprasad Atigre
Ameyprasad Atigre, currently pursuing 1st Year Law Course [B.A.LL.B (Hons.)] from Government Law College, Mumbai (Maharashtra). The areas of interest for him are Contract Law, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Labour Law, Human Rights Law, Intellectual Property Law, Cyber Law. He is looking forward to creating a breakthrough career in law, he takes acute care in developing his research skills as well as dealing with National and International Moot Court Competitions and International Law Committee. He has worked with Adv. Pandit Atigre in Dist. Court of Kolhapur. He has a keen interest in writing his own Blogs, Legislative Comments, Short Articles, Newsletter articles, Articles for Journals.